Gooseberry varieties Jubilee - the main characteristics and appearance of the variety
Gooseberry Jubilee differs in high quality characteristics of fruits and unpretentiousness in leaving. It shows excellent adaptive abilities during cultivation in areas with different climatic conditions. Read more about this variety, as well as the rules for growing it on your own site, below.
Variety description Anniversary
The homeland of gooseberries is Northern Europe. In the wild, the plant is found almost throughout Russia. Based on the classic varieties, the ancestors of which were wild specimens, a large number of progressive forms of gooseberries were created. This number also includes the variety, which will be discussed below.
The green fruits of gooseberries help to quickly remove radiotoxic substances from the body.
To obtain the culture of this variety, Houghton and Bedford yellow were used as parent forms. Already in 1965, the variety was entered into the state registry, zoned in the Central Black Earth region. The originator of the variety is the South Ural Institute of Horticulture and Potato.
Appearance, characteristics of berries, ripening time, yield
Description and main characteristics of the culture:
- the root system is powerful - it consists of several main rods deepened by 45 cm, and many additional, localized at a depth of not more than 15 cm;
- the plant is a tall bush (1.8 m), consisting of numerous non-spreading shoots;
- perennial shoots erect, smooth-bore, with drooping tops, painted in dark gray;
- year-old processes are smooth, green in color, grow very quickly, by the end of the season they change color to light brown;
- spikes are localized in 2 pieces. at an angle of 90 ° along the entire length of perennial shoots, solid, long, very sharp;
- five-lobed foliage, with an uneven edge, painted green, located opposite on the branches;
- the upper part of the leaf plate is shiny, with deepened veins, on the bottom there is a rare pubescence;
- cone-shaped flowers of green color with an anthocyanin fragment at the base, are formed in leaf sinuses, are located separately by 1 or collected in inflorescences of 2 pcs .;
- flowering begins in mid-May;
- the berries are oval in shape, their surface is smooth with a thin wax film, weighing 5-6.5 g;
- the skin is thin, but strong, painted pink, with a dark burgundy fragment on the side that was under the sun;
- flesh is friable, yellow, juicy, with numerous brown seeds;
- the berries taste sweet, but not sugary, the peel gives a slight sourness;
- the crop retains good commercial quality, without losing weight, for 7 days.
Culture belongs to the category of self-pollinated plants. Ripening period is the end of July. From the bush you can annually collect 5-6 kg of berries. Fruiting is stable, annual, without periods of downtime.
Shrubs give the first berries 2-3 years after planting. The ability to bear fruit persists for 15-18 years. Plants do not tolerate drought. The lack of sufficient moisture leads to a decrease in the commercial quality of the fruit. However, abundant lighting is very important for the variety. Even in partial shade, plants develop incorrectly - the shoots are very elongated, flower buds are poorly developed, and accordingly, productivity decreases significantly.
Regarding frost resistance, this gooseberry has no equal - it can freely tolerate a drop in temperature to -50 ° C. This applies not only to rhizomes and shoots, but also to flower buds - they do not fall off and then form an ovary, even with return frosts. In relation to diseases, the gooseberry form in question is quite stable, but needs preventive treatments. The plant in question is easily propagated. The rooting of cuttings is almost 100%.
Video: Gooseberry varieties Jubilee
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
To understand how to properly care for a plant, you need to evaluate its advantages and disadvantages.
- The main advantages of the variety:
- high productivity;
- excellent marketability of berries;
- high resistance to diseases and pests;
- good frost resistance;
- unpretentiousness in leaving;
- excellent adaptive abilities;
- easy rooting of cuttings;
- long shelf life of fresh berries;
- universality of the use of fruits.
- Cons of culture:
- the presence of thorns, which complicate the collection of fruits;
- poor tolerance of drought;
- demanding quality lighting.
One of the main factors that will have a direct impact on plant productivity is the purchase of high-quality planting material. Seedlings can be sold with an open root system and with a closed one (in containers).
When buying planting material with an open root, pay attention to the following points:
- Age 2 years.
- The appearance of the plant itself is 2-3 strong shoots, at least 25 cm long, without foliage, with unbroken axillary buds, without signs of overdrying and mechanical damage. Coloring should be uniform.
- Rhizome is a powerful, lignified, 20–25 cm long, consisting of several main stem sprouts and many additional ones.
Seedlings with an open root system must be bought immediately before planting. It is permissible to store such planting material after transportation no more than 3 daysWhen buying seedlings in pots, it is worth evaluating such characteristics:
- Age - 1 or 2 years. In such cases, this parameter does not have special significance, since vegetation can be kept in the tank as much as desired, the main thing is to moisten the soil in time.
- Oblivost is abundant, the leaf plates themselves are pale green in color, evenly colored.
- The length of the shoots is 30 cm in annuals, from 40 to 50 cm in two-year-olds.
- Rhizome - if you remove the top layer of soil, under it should be a large number of white roots. On the surface of the earthen coma there should not be open main roots. Otherwise, it is better to refuse to buy, because the plant is too long in the pot, which will adversely affect the level of its adaptation.
- The plant should sit tightly in the pot - if the seedling is easily shaken out of the container, it means that the roots did not have time to braid the earthen lump, and this indicates that it was transplanted immediately before the sale.
The terrain on the site must be selected taking into account humidity and lighting. An ideal option would be the southern or southeastern part of the territory that is not flooded by groundwater (the optimal distance to groundwater is 2 m).
There are no special requirements regarding the soil. However, higher yields are observed on well-drained, light, loose soils with a slightly acid reaction. Soil preparation on the site is carried out 6 months before planting and consists in the following:
- deep digging to a depth of 40 cm;
- application of 10 kg of compost, 10 kg of manure and 10 kg of sand for each m²;
Planting and care, pollination
Landing is carried out in the fall, approximately in the middle of September or in the spring before buds open. It is best to plant plants in the spring - so it will be possible to observe the process of adaptation to a new place and immediately correct mistakes if they exist. Before the manipulation, the shoots are cut to 30 cm. Then they are dusted with wood ash and the root system is immersed in the Kornevin solution (1 tsp. Powder per 1 liter of water) for 12 hours.
Important! As a mulch, you can use peat instead of compost.
- Dig a hole with a depth of 65 cm and a diameter of 55 cm. Form depressions in the soil according to the 1.5 × 1.5 m pattern.
- Place 15 cm of gravel at the bottom of the hole.
- Mix all soil from the pit with 5 kg of humus, 5 kg of compost and 5 kg of peat. For every 10 kg of the obtained soil mixture add 4 tbsp. nitrofoski, 2.5 tbsp. wood ash and 60 g of agricola.
- Place the nutrient composition in a 15 cm layer on a gravel drainage pad.
- Set the plant in the center of the pit - align so that after filling the pit with soil, the root neck is deepened by 6 cm.
- Fill the well with soil, slightly compact.
- Pour 10 liters of water. Wait for moisture to absorb, mulch the soil around the bush with compost (5 cm layer).
This crop does not need pollinators, because it is self-fertile. However, if you plant the Kolobok and Russky varieties nearby, the yield can be increased by 35%. Throughout June - July, plantings are actively moisturized every 3-5 days, focusing on weather conditions. Under each bush make 10 l of liquid. In autumn, in the middle of September, water-charging irrigation is carried out, in which 20 l of water is applied to each m² of plantings.Top dressing is carried out in the phase of kidney swelling and in mid-September. In spring, they use manure - 1 liter of mullein is added to 10 liters of water. This amount is enough to feed one plant. In autumn, one day after water-loading irrigation, 1 tbsp. superphosphate, 20 g of potassium salt. Fertilizers are buried in the soil by 10 cm.
After each watering, rain, it is necessary to carry out thorough loosening of the soil - this will help to avoid cracking of the soil in extreme heat, as well as ensure uniform distribution of the liquid.
Video: How to properly plant gooseberries
Pest and Disease Control
Resistance to diseases and pests is one of the most positive aspects of the culture in question. However, with increasing humidity of air and soil, as well as in violation of the rules of agricultural technology, bushes can suffer from powdery mildew. Before treatment begins, all infected parts of the plants are removed, and then they are treated with Topaz if the plant has not yet produced fruit, or with Fitoverm if the bushes have already formed berries.
Medicines are bred according to the instructions. As a prevention of powdery mildew at the end of the season, after harvesting the leaves, they are treated with a 1% solution of colloidal sulfur. Of the pests on the bushes of this variety, gooseberry caterpillars can settle. To get rid of them, you can conduct dusting on a sheet and soil with wood ash or tobacco dust.
Trimming and shaping a bush
The first pruning is done before landing. After a year, 3-4 strong buds are left on each shoot. On average, annual growth at this stage is shortened by 1/4 of the length. All branches that thicken the crown grow inside the bush, cut into a ring.
In the second year, new shoots are shortened by 1/3. Zero, i.e. those that grow from the root, are removed completely. Similarly, they do with gains that thicken the crown.
In the third year after planting, they operate according to the same scheme as in previous years. After each pruning, all sections must be treated with wood ash and covered with garden varnish so as not to cause infection.
Important! Formative pruning is carried out before the start of sap flow in the spring.
From the 8th year of the life of the bush on the site, they begin to conduct anti-aging pruning, otherwise the yield will greatly decrease. The purpose of this manipulation is to activate the growth of zero shoots. To do this, in the fall, for three years, 1/3 of all branches are cut “to zero”.
Zero growths growing during the season in the autumn are shortened by 1/4. For rejuvenation, you can use another pruning option - shorten all shoots of the bush to 15 cm. In subsequent years, in this case, forming cutting is carried out according to the above scheme.
The culture in question is characterized by an increased level of winter hardiness.Shelter is not required even in lightly frosty winters.
Harvesting and transportation
Harvesting is carried out as the berries ripen. They are removed from the bushes manually or with the help of small scissors, the main thing is to remove the fruits from the branches along with the stalks. The berries are sorted immediately, leaving the ripe ones for processing or fresh consumption, and slightly not ripened ones - for storage. Fruits are laid out in wooden, low boxes lined with parchment.
Provided that the temperature regime is maintained within +5 ... + 18 ° С and relative humidity of 80%, the crop does not lose its commercial qualities and does not reduce weight for 7 days. Berries well tolerate transportation over long distances, which allows you to grow crops on an industrial scale.
Did you know? A hybrid of currants and gooseberries is called yoshta. The plant does not have thorns, and the berries combine the unique taste of both parental forms.